Driscoll, M. P. (2005) Psychology of Learning for Instruction. (3rd ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
Chapter 11: Constructivism. pp. 384-408.
Piaget’s: reference to his own views as “constructivist”
Bruner’s: conceptions of discovery learning as “constructionist”
other labels: embodied cognition (Johnson, 1987; Lakoff, 1987) Cognitive flexibility theory (Spiro et al., 1991, 1995) and postmodern and poststructural curricula. (Hlynka, 1991; Culler, 1990).
Constructivist Assumptions About learning
Objectivism is the view that knowledge of the world comes about through and individual’s experience of it. As the experience grows broader and deeper, knowledge is represented in the individual’s mind as an ever-closer approximation of how the world really is. In sense, then, knowledge is thought to exist interdependently of learners, and leaning consists of transferring that knowledge from outside to within the learner. (TRANSFER MODEL)
In contrast to the objectivist view, then, the constructivist theory rests on the assumption that knowledge is constructed…
View original post 533 more words