The constructivist theory argues that learning is an active and ongoing process and that knowledge can only be built by doing. Learners are not seen as a ‘tabula rasa’ or a blank canvas on which you can paint anything, as they are actively contributing to the process of learning by taking into account their past experiences and cultural background.
This theory also changes things regarding the relationship between the teacher and the student and the amount of information that is being provided. Teachers who follow the principles of constructivism offer students considerably less information and let them come with their own conclusions, this way making them put effort and own thoughts into the process of learning.
Jean Piaget, the ‘father’ of constructivism, argues that people build knowledge based on their own experiences based on two processes: accommodation and assimilation.
Assimilation refers to incorporating a new experience into…
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